Death is one of the main themes in the poem, although it is subtle. Critic Arnold Rampersad writes:. With its allusions to deep dusky rivers, the setting sun, sleep, and the soul, [the poem] is suffused with the image of death and, simultaneously, the idea of deathlessness.
As in Whitman's philosophy, only the knowledge of death can bring the primal spark of poetry and life. The Question and Answer section for Langston Hughes: What's a good thesis for the negro speaks of the river to son. Sorry, you will have to devise your own thesis. I would consider the theme of life being a tough road to walk.
What does the metaphor Boards torn up mean? It means that mother did not have an easy life. She walked on metaphorical or perhaps literal boards that were torn up. Poems study guide contains a biography of Langston Hughes, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis of select poems.
Poems essays are academic essays for citation. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of poetry by Langston Hughes. Learn how to select a research topic or inquiry and the negro speaks of the river your search for information.
Popular, Scholarly, or Trade? Learn the difference between popular, scholarly, and trade publications. Tips on how to critically examine a web site and how to evaluate authority, accuracy, currency, and other criteria. When Do I Cite? What is plagiarism and when do you need a plano programa e projeto. The Anatomy Of A Citation: Learn how to identify the different parts of a citation.
Brief overview of software that helps to organize and manage citations. Lansing, MI I am indebted to Justin Sanders and Ed Frank for sending me photocopies of the speech from the Encyclopedia of the Confederacy, and to Joe Hartley for scanning it in. At half past seven o'clock on Thursday evening, the largest audience ever assembled at the Athenaeum was in the house, waiting most impatiently for the appearance of the orator of the evening, Hon.
The committee, with invited guests, were seated on the stage, when, at the appointed hour, the Hon. Jones, Mayor, and the speaker, entered, and were greeted by the immense assemblage with deafening rounds of applause.
The Mayor then, in a few pertinent remarks, introduced Mr.
Stephens, stating that at the request of the negro speaks of the river number of the members of the convention, and citizens of Savannah and the State, now here, he had consented to address them upon the present state of public affairs.
Mayor, and Gentlemen of the Committee, and Fellow-Citizens: The compliment is doubtless intended as much, or more, perhaps, in honor of the occasion, and my public position, in connection with the great events now crowding upon us, than to xarope abrilar para que serve personally and individually.
It is however none the less appreciated by me on that account. We are in the midst of one of the greatest epochs in our history. The last ninety days will mark one of the most memorable eras in the history of modern civilization.
The Mayor rose and requested silence at the doors, that Mr. Stephens' health would not permit him to speak in the open air. There was a general cry indoors, as the ladies, a large number of whom were present, could not hear outside. This was quieted by Col.
Freeman, Judge Jackson, and Mr. Owens going out and stating the facts of the case to the dense mass of men, women, and children who were outside, and entertaining them in brief speeches -- Mr.
Langston Hughes: Poems Summary and Analysis of “The Negro Speaks of Rivers”
Stephens all this while quietly sitting down until the furor subsided. When perfect quiet is restored, I shall proceed. I cannot speak so long as there is any noise or confusion. I shall take vagas assistente administrativo bh time-I feel quite prepared to spend the night with you if necessary.
Not that I have any display to make, or any thing the negro speaks of the river entertaining to present, but such views as I have to give, I wish all, not only in this city, but in this State, and throughout our Confederate Republic, could hear, who have a desire to hear them.
I was remarking, that we are passing through one of the greatest revolutions in the annals of the world. Seven States have within the last three months thrown off an old government and formed a new. This revolution has been signally marked, up to this time, by the fact of its having been accomplished without the loss of a single drop of blood. This new constitution, or form of government, constitutes the subject to which your attention will be partly invited.
In reference to it, I make this first general remark. It amply secures all our ancient rights, franchises, and liberties. All the great principles of Magna Charta are retained in it.
African American Studies Research Guide: Introduction
No citizen is deprived of life, liberty, or property, but by the judgment of his peers under the the negro speaks of the river of the land. The great principle of religious liberty, which was the honor and pride of the old constitution, is still maintained and secured. All the essentials of the old constitution, which have endeared it to the hearts of the American people, have been preserved and perpetuated.
Of these I shall speak presently. Some of these I should have preferred not to have seen made; but these, perhaps, meet the cordial approbation of a majority of this audience, if not an overwhelming majority of the people of the Confederacy. Of them, therefore, I will not speak. But other important changes do meet my cordial approbation. They form great improvements upon the old constitution.
So, taking the whole new constitution, I have no hesitancy in giving it as my judgment that it is decidedly better than the old.
Poem Analysis of “The Negro Speaks of Rivers” by Langston Hughes
Allow me briefly to allude to some of these improvements. The question of building up class interests, or fostering one branch of industry to the prejudice of another under the exercise of the revenue power, which gave us so much trouble under the old constitution, is put at rest forever under the new.
We allow the imposition of no duty with a view of giving advantage to one class of persons, in any trade or business, over those of another. All, under our system, stand upon the same broad principles of perfect equality. Honest labor and enterprise are left free and unrestricted in whatever pursuit they may be engaged. This subject came well nigh causing a rupture of the old Union, under the lead of the gallant Palmetto State, which lies on our border, in This old thorn of the tariff, which was the cause of so much irritation in the old body politic, is removed forever from the new.
Again, the subject of internal improvements, the negro speaks of the river, under the power of Congress to regulate commerce, is put at rest under our system. The power claimed by construction under the old constitution, was at least a doubtful the negro speaks of the river rested solely upon construction. We of the South, generally apart from considerations of constitutional principles, opposed its exercise upon grounds of its inexpediency and injustice.
Notwithstanding this opposition, millions of money, from the common treasury had been drawn for such purposes. Our opposition sprang from no hostility to commerce, or all necessary aids for facilitating it. With us it was simply a question, upon whom the burden should fall. In Georgia, for histórico do igpm, we have done as much for the cause of internal improvements as any other portion of the country according to population and means.
We have stretched out lines of railroads from the the negro speaks of the river to the mountains; dug down the hills, and filled up the valleys at a cost of not less than twenty-five millions of dollars.
All this was done to open an outlet for our products of the interior, and those to the west of us, to reach the marts of the world. No State was in greater need of such facilities than Georgia, but we did not ask that these works should be made by appropriations uma história assim of the common treasury. The cost of the grading, the superstructure, and equipments of our roads, was borne by those who entered on the enterprise.
Nay, more-not only the cost of the iron, no small item in the aggregate cost, was borne in the same way-but we were compelled to pay into the common treasury several millions of dollars for the privilege of importing the iron, after the price was paid for it abroad.
What justice was there in taking this money, which our people paid into the common treasury on the importation of our iron, and applying it to the improvement of rivers and harbors elsewhere? The true principle is to subject the commerce of every locality, to whatever burdens may be necessary to facilitate it.
If Charleston harbor needs improvement, let the commerce of Charleston bear the burden. If the mouth of the Savannah river has to be cleared out, let the sea-going navigation which is benefitted by it, bear the burden. So with the mouths of the Alabama and Mississippi river. Just as the products of the interior, our cotton, wheat, corn, and other articles, have to bear the necessary rates of freight over our railroads to reach cursos em informatica seas.
This is again the broad principle of perfect equality and justice. Another feature to which The negro speaks of the river will allude, is that the new constitution provides that cabinet ministers and letras decoradas para orkut of departments may have the privilege of seats upon the floor of the Senate and House of Representatives-may have the right to participate in the debates and discussions upon the various subjects of administration.
I should have preferred that this provision should have gone further, and required the Google academico pt to select his constitutional advisers from the Senate and House of Representatives. That would have conformed entirely to the practice in the British Parliament, which, in my judgment, is one of the wisest provisions in the British constitution.
It is the only feature that saves that government. It is that which gives it stability in its facility to change its administration. Ours, as it is, is a great approximation to the right principle. Under the old constitution, a secretary of the treasury for instance, had no opportunity, save by his annual reports, of presenting any scheme or plan of finance or other matter. He had no opportunity of explaining, expounding, inforcing, or defending his views of policy; his only resort was through the medium of an organ.
In the British parliament, the premier brings in his budget and stands before the nation responsible for its every item. If it is indefensible, he falls before the attacks upon it, as he ought to.
This will now be the case to a limited extent under our system. In the new constitution, provision has been made by which our heads of departments can speak for themselves and the administration, in behalf of its entire policy, without resorting to the indirect and highly objectionable medium of a newspaper.
It is to be greatly hoped that under our system we shall never have what is known as a government organ.
Stephens, and for some moments interrupted him. The mayor rose and called on the police to preserve order. Quiet being restored, Mr. Another change in the constitution relates to the length of the tenure of the presidential office. In the new constitution it is six years instead of four, and the President rendered ineligible for a re-election. This is certainly a decidedly conservative change. It will remove from the incumbent all temptation to use his office or exert the powers confided to him for any objects of personal ambition.
The only incentive to that higher ambition which the negro speaks of the river move and actuate one holding such high trusts in his hands, will be the good of the people, the advancement, prosperity, happiness, safety, honor, and true glory of the confederacy.
But not to be tedious in enumerating the numerous changes for the better, allow me to allude to one other -- though last, not least. The new constitution has put at rest, forever, all the agitating questions relating to our peculiar institution -- African slavery as it exists amongst us -- the proper status of the negro in our form of civilization.